Learn how to strengthen your argumentative writing with a counterargument and rebuttal. Topics include: the purpose of a counterargument, definitions of ethos, logos, and pathos, how to rebut a strong counterargument, and a few transitions you can use to precede your counterargument. Counterclaim is a synonymous term. This technique can also help you NOT be an Internet troll.

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail” is cited as an exemplar.


Using a counterargument and rebuttal is a way of showing that you have come to your position after giving a balanced analysis of both sides, and that’s more persuasive than just ranting from a single perspective. There’s already too much of that in the world.

If you want to know what one-sided argumentation looks like, just look at the comment sections to videos and articles on the Internet. Those arguments are easily dismissed, right? So don’t be like them. If you want to be persuasive, come across as fair and reasonable. And one way to do this is by using counterarguments.

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© Daniel Sato