Learn how to organize your story’s plot. This focuses on Freytag’s Triangle (AKA Freytag’s Pyramid, Plot Pyramid, Story Mountain, Dramatic Arc, The Elements of Plot), including the terms, “exposition,” “conflict,” “rising action,” “climax,” and “resolution” or “denouement.” Also explained are three other less commonly taught narrative plot structures: The Hero’s Journey, Kishotenketsu, and The Episodic Plot. Examples draw from The Hunger Games, Star Wars, Gulliver’s Travels, and “The Story of an Hour” by Kate Chopin.
These structures, these frameworks, are really helpful for examining the structure of a literary work. They’re also very useful for writers who are planning and outlining their narratives, especially beginning writers. But don’t let the framework turn into a cage. They’re tools, not rules. This is an art form, after all. The main thing is that you tell a compelling story.