Learn the difference between denotation and connotation, why “affluent” feels different from “rich,” how connotations create the author’s tone, and how both create meaning.

Closely study a poem by Ernest Hemingway, “All armies are the same…” Hemingway’s poem, written about his experiences in World War I, remains a devastating statement about war seen from the soldier’s perspective.


This video addresses the Common Core standard, CCSS-ELA Literacy RL9-10.4:”Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language evokes a sense of time and place; how it sets a formal or informal tone).”

For folks with a Common Core aversion: this is stuff that has been taught in English classes for ages, but perhaps not all together in a single task. The complex task is here broken up into two more manageable ones.

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© Daniel Sato